Physics is a traditional basic discipline exist in the process of exploring and transforming nature. It analyzes the interaction and transformation of substances based on experimental observation, and studies the basic motion laws of substances on different scales from basic particles to cosmic celestial bodies.
The development of physics can be divided into two stages: classical physics and modern physics. From the establishment of Newtonian mechanical system in the 17th century to the end of the 19th century, physics experienced the development stage of classical physics, forming a grand and rigorous basic theoretical system including force, heat, electricity, light and other sub-disciplines. In the 20th century, relativity and quantum mechanics were born one after another, marking that physics has entered the modern physical stage. Modern physics has made great breakthroughs in exploring the formation and evolution of elementary particles, greatly liberating the productive forces and expanding the new frontiers of human cognition. Today, with the progress of experimental technology and detection methods, new physical phenomena continue to emerge, there are a series of basic physical problems to be urgently solved, including the law of celestial motion, the basic structure of microscopic matter at a deep level, and the physical properties of many macroscopic complex related systems.
Physics is closely related to other science and engineering majors and has promoted the development of many disciplines including mathematics, chemistry, biology, materials science, information science and so on. Modern physics principle combined with human production and life, has given rise to include atomic energy, semiconductor and superconductor, laser, aviation and aerospace, a series of new technology subject, triggered a human in the field of information, materials, energy science and new technology revolution, become the main driver of modern human society progress. Physics has penetrated into all aspects of national economy, military and national defense and daily life, and has greatly changed people's way of life and cognition of nature. In the foreseeable future, physics will likely make breakthroughs in quantum information and quantum computing, high temperature superconducting materials, fusion energy, nanomaterials and other fields, driving new developments in related science and technology.
As a basic subject, physics is the core component of science and engineering universiy. The Department of Physics of Southern University of Science and Technology was officially established in 2011, which is one of the earliest five departmentst in school. At present, the research fields of the Department of Physics involve various aspects of physics, including quantum transport and regulation, surface physics, materials physics, computational physics, condensed matter theory, quantum information and quantum computing.
The physics major of Southern University of Science and Technology cultivates outstanding talents with solid mathematical foundation, broad and systematic theoretical knowledge of physics, basic physical experimental skills and methods, understanding the frontier and trend of current physical development, scientific thinking, innovative spirit and preliminary independent scientific research ability, and interdisciplinary cross cooperation for the society. Graduates of this major are also required to be proficient in English and have certain computer programming ability. After graduation, you can conduct research and further study in relevant fields of physics, or engage in production, R & D, teaching and management in industrial departments, education and scientific research departments.
Applied Physics is a subject that applies the principles and research results of physics to actual production and life, transforms them into social productivity and serves the national economy and the people's livelihood. In modern society, physics has been widely used in national economy, military defense and all aspects of people's daily life. In particular, the combination of the principles of modern physics and human production and life gave birth to a series of emerging technologies and Sciences, including atomic energy, semiconductor, laser, aerospace and so on, and triggered a new technological revolution in the fields of energy, materials, information science and so on. With the further development of physics and Applied Physics, new research results are emerging. How to convert them into practical technology is the main task and challenge faced by the discipline of Applied Physics.
Southern University of Science and Technology is located in Shenzhen, the first special economic zone of China's reform and opening up. There are a large number of high-tech enterprises here. It has an urgent demand for high-level scientific and technological R & D talents, and provides a unique soil for original technology development and application. At present, South University of science and technology has set up physics, chemistry, material science and engineering, microelectronics science and engineering, photoelectric information science and engineering and other majors. Applied physics is the link between these different majors. Different from physics, applied physics focuses more on application. With the purpose of serving national and local economic construction, it provides a platform for close and efficient cooperation among industry, University and research in relevant fields, breeds original technology R & D and application, and transports high-level technology R & D talents for the society.
The specialty of Applied Physics aims to cultivate compound talents with systematic and solid physical foundation and expertise in relevant application fields (such as electronic information science, material science, etc.), strong practical ability, scientific literacy and innovation consciousness, and capable of interdisciplinary cooperation. Graduates of this major are also required to be proficient in English and have certain computer programming ability. After graduation, you can engage in research and teaching in Applied Physics and related scientific and technological fields, or engage in new technology development, application and management in scientific research industrial departments such as microelectronics, optoelectronics and emerging functional materials.